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2 yr appointment
5 yr appointment

5 Year Appointment Information

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5 year final letter oct 2013

Dear Parent,

The Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study are delighted to announce that we have now received funding from the National Children’s Research Centre to follow up all our infants born into the study at 5 years of age.  We would like to invite you and your child to continue participation with the study.

The purpose of the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study is to examine the effects of diet and environmental factors during pregnancy and infancy on child development and health.  At age five we are particularly interested in looking at the impact of these factors on growth, development and your child’s risk of developing asthma and allergies. 

The study will take place at the Discovery Centre, located in the grounds of the Cork University Hospital and the Dept. of Food & Nutritional Science in University College Cork.

The outline of the visits will be as follows:

The first visit will be at the Discovery Centre and will take approx. 1 hour, where we will

  • Measure your child’s height, weight, head, mid arm, waist, hip, knee to ankle length.
  • Take a blood pressure reading 3 times.
  • Skin prick allergy testing.
  • Skin water loss test.
  • Measure your child’s grip strength.
  • We will ask your permission to take a blood sample from your child. Ideally this should be taken four hours after they have last eaten. We will discuss this when we contact you by telephone to arrange the appointment.
  • Take your height, weight, blood pressure and heart rate.
  • Measure your child’s word knowledge, comprehension and ability to solve problemsusing the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test.This involves showing your child pictures in a small flip book and asking them questions about these pictures.

We will have posted you out some questions to you before your visit. You can bring these with you on the day of your appointment.

Then we will ask you to come into the Dept. of Food & Nutritional Sciences in UCC.  This visit will take approx. 30minutes, where we will

  • Measure your child’s muscle strength using hand grip and standing height jump measures.
  • Measure your child’s body composition using a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry machine (we will ask that your child wear a light t-shirt and tracksuit pants/leggings, they will lie very still and breathe normally on on the iDEXA bed.Then the iDEXA scanner will pass over the bed without touching your child.The amount of radiation your child will get is about the same as if you were to fly from Cork to the Canary Islands).

Again we will of course seek your consent for every aspect of the study, you have the right to withdraw your child at any time and you can also refuse consent for any part of the study you do not feel comfortable with. All measurements including bloods are optional, any measurements we get from you and your child are very important to us.

If your contact details have changed since your last visit, we would really appreciate if you would notify us.

We will contact you to make this appointment.

Contact The BASELINE Birth Cohort team at:

  • Telephone 021-4205014/ 4205015
  • Mobile phone0879607875
  • Email
  • PostCork BASELINE Birth Cohort, Dept. Paediatrics and Child Health, ClinicalInvestigation Unit, CUH, Wilton, Cork


DXA baseline FAQ

Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) in the BASELINE Study 5-year Follow-up
As part of the 5 year old assessments in the BASELINE Study, your child will be invited for a full body scan using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).  The DXA scan is often used for measuring the size and quality of the skeleton and is widely used in research and in the clinical setting. 
Recent technological developments now allow us to use DXA scans to accurately measure the amount of lean and fat tissue on a person’s body (their body composition) as well as bone.  In the BASELINE birth cohort, we want to analyse bone growth and development along with growth in height and body size to analyse these important indicators in relation to all of the other data we have been collecting throughout your child’s life so far.
Some frequently asked questions about DXA scans:

1. Where will the DXA scan take place?
The appointment will take place in the Human Nutrition Studies Unit on the first floor of the Food Science Building in UCC. The Food Science Building is located on College Road, through the gates between the Pharmacy Building and the Bons Secours Hospital (see map on our website  Alternatively you can access the building under the pedestrian bridge between the Food Science Building and the Science Building at Gaol Cross. There is parking at Perrotts Inch beside the Gaol Cross. Please contact 0214903606 if you need directions on the day.

2. How do we prepare for the scan?
In order for the DXA scan to work correctly, your child needs to lie as still as possible for the duration of the scan, so before you bring your child in, it would be a good idea to get them to practice lying very still for 5 minutes on their bed. On the day of the scan, please dress your child in loose clothing with no jewellery, zips or buttons if possible. Leggings or tracksuit pants and a t-shirt would be ideal.

3. What does the appointment involve?
The appointment itself should take no longer than 30 minutes in total. The DXA scan itself will take approximately 7 minutes to complete.  After measuring your child’s weight and height, we will ask them to lie still on the bed and the scanner arm will move from your child’s head to their toes, without touching them (picture is of Darina’s daughter  on the scanner).

4. Are there any risks associated with a DXA scan?

The DXA machine at our unit is a newly purchased state-of-the-art device.  This scan is a non-invasive procedure and does not cause any pain or discomfort for your child. The DXA scan uses low-dose radiation to scan the skeleton and body.  This level of exposure to radiation is similar to the level you would be exposed to on a flight from Cork to a European destination.

5. Will I get any results from the DXA scan?

Your child will take home a print-out of their full skeleton like this one.  As the scan is for research purposes, results will be analysed on a group basis, so individual results will not be given after the scan. However if any clinical problems are detected, your child will be immediately referred to the Consultant Paediatrician for follow up.

Directions to DXA Scan in Human Nutrition Studies Unit in UCC

Parking is available in a number of UCC visitor car parks with Perrott’s Inch being the nearest visitor car park to the Human Nutrition Studies Unit. Please see the map on the location of other visitor car parks or disc parking is available on surrounding streets.

Walking Directions to the Human Nutrition Studies Unit from Perrott’s Inch Car Park:

Walking Directions to the Human Nutrition Studies Unit from College Road:

Once inside the FoodScienceBuilding, please follow “The BASELINE Study” signs to the reception of the Human Nutrition Studies Unit on the ground floor of the FoodScienceBuilding.